Natural radioactivity in North Carolina ground water supplies

by Marc Y. Menetrez

Publisher: Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina in Raleigh, N.C. (124 Riddick Bldg., North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27650)

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  • North Carolina.


  • Drinking water -- Standards -- North Carolina.,
  • Radioactive pollution of water -- North Carolina.

Edition Notes

Statementby Marc Y. Menetrez, James E. Watson, Jr.
SeriesReport / Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina ;, no. 208, Report (Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina) ;, no. 208.
ContributionsWatson, James E.
LC ClassificationsHD1694.N8 N6 no. 208, TD224.N8 N6 no. 208
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 30 leaves :
Number of Pages30
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3001897M
LC Control Number84620824

Water is necessity to man and his environment, the existence of radionuclides in drinking water causes a numerous health concerns to human and other life. Natural radioactivity comes from the primordial radionuclides, such as 40K, U, Th and their decay products, which are present in trace levels in all ground : Hankouraou Seydou, Shittu Abdullahi. A North Jersey Homeowner’s Guide to Radioactivity in Drinking Water: Uranium Naturally occurring radioactive substances are frequently found in ground water in New Jersey. They are present at least to some extent in almost all rocks and soils. Radioactivity in drinking water is not a new phenomenon, having been present to. natural radioactivity: Radioactivity emitted by elements in the environment, such as radon in soil. It may include alpha particles, beta particles, or gamma rays. See also: radioactivity. Natural radioactivity in, and inorganic chemistry of, ground water in the Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer system, southern New Jersey, Series title: Water-Resources Investigations Report: Series number: DOI: /wri Edition-Year .

radioactivity as measured by Radium, Uranium, or alpha and beta activities. This groundwater is often the only practical option to supply small community water systems. Aside from the radioactivity, bedrock groundwater is often hard and endowed with iron and/or manganese. Various water treatment. year of intake resulting from all the radionuclides whose presence in a water supply has been detected, of both natural and artificial origin, excluding tritium1, potassium–, radon3 and radon decay products. In Ireland, the annual dose from natural background radiation is.   “The North Carolina license will allow us to bring our proven contaminant-removing technology to this state, improving water quality and minimizing liability for water providers.” A Radioactive Material License is a requirement for water treatment systems removing radium and uranium from drinking water.   Groundwater is a part of the natural water cycle (check out our interactive water cycle diagram). Some part of the precipitation that lands on the ground surface infiltrates into the subsurface. The part that continues downward through the soil until it reaches rock material that is saturated is groundwater recharge. Water in the saturated.

  It is possible that groundwater or surface water can become contaminated with radioactive elements from coal ash. However, the USGS study also stated “Limited measurements of dissolved uranium and radium in water leachates of fly ash and in natural water from some ash disposal sites indicate that dissolved concentrations of these radioactive. g_, basic groundwater hydrology, us geological survey water supply paper , reston, va - (used as a reference in ou1 & ou4 ri reports) us dept of int 91 report. WAD Commencement Bay, Near Shore/Tide Flats: Pierce: At the Asarco smelter, metals including arsenic, cadmium, copper and lead were released into the soil, air and bay and metals from slag have migrated to surface and groundwater. Soil in the Ruston/North Tacoma study area is contaminated by arsenic and , surface water and groundwater across most of the Tacoma Tar Pits site. Las Vegas. September , In Press. Radon content of natural gas and liquid petroleum products reported and its significance to human exposure. Geyh, M. and S. Lorch. Determining the concentration of gamma rays to the natural environmental radiation at ground level. The Natural Radiation Environment, pp. , Geyh, M. and S.

Natural radioactivity in North Carolina ground water supplies by Marc Y. Menetrez Download PDF EPUB FB2

Title: Natural Radioactivity in North Carolina Ground Water Supplies: Author: Menetrez, Marc Y.; Watson, James E. Publisher: Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North CarolinaCited by: 1. Natural radioactivity in North Carolina ground water supplies.

Raleigh, N.C. ( Riddick Bldg., North Carolina State University, Raleigh ): Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina, [] (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication: Document Type: Book. EPA (a) later conducted a random survey (stratified by system size) of radionuclides in 1, drinking-water supply systems that obtain water from ground water.

For Ra, million persons were probably exposed to over kBq/m 3 (5 pCi/L), andto over kBq/m 3 (20 pCi/L). • a radioactive gas produced by the decay of uranium • found everywhere; very mobile; migrates from rock and soils into atmosphere and indoor air • readily dissolves in it shows up in ground water supplies Radon • not common in surface waters due to volatilization • a human carcinogen - 2nd leading cause of lung cancer.

The intent of this study was to develop an understanding of some of the factors that affect the concentration ol radon ( Rn) in drinking water supplies derived from groundwater, with specific application to North Carolina. Data for this investigation were collected on a sample of 96 North Carolina public water supply by: For this reason its quality must be strictly controlled.

Drinking water may contain radioactivity that could present a risk to human health. The radioactivity in ground water comes mainly from radionuclides of the natural decay chains U and Th, and 40 K in soil and by: Generally, radium activity concentration was water of San Diego de Alcalá, in contrast, the value reached approximately Bq l Natural radioactivity in environmental samples (soil, vegetation and water) from the (Idu) industrial district of Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, Nigeria was measured by means of gamma-ray spectrometer with NaI (Tl) detector to establish a baseline data File Size: 1MB.

The Division of Water Resources often relies on citizens to report sightings of fish kills and algal blooms. Reporting these events is simple with our online app that works on any device. Report a Fish Kill or Algal BloomPhone: Natural Radioactivity In Water Supplies (Studies in Water Policy and Management) [Horner, Jack K] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Natural Radioactivity In Water Supplies (Studies in Water Policy and Management)Author: Jack K. Horner. European countries ground water is widely used as a raw water source for water works.

There is also an increasing tendency to replace surface water with ground water. However, this involves Natural radioactivity in North Carolina ground water supplies book increased risk of natural radionuclides in water.

(IDS-WATER, ) 85% 15% Natural Artificial Fig 1. Natural and artificial radioactivity rate in the earth. population drinking this tap water may account for mSv, which is lower than the limit recommended by the WHO. Key words: Natural radioactivity, Upper Egypt, Ground water, Drinking water.

Introduction There are di erent forms (isotopes) of uranium but U is the predominant contributor to natural ra-dioactivity.

This site contains links to the rules and regulations applicable to public water systems for the State of North Carolina. The rules are found in Title 15A, Subchapter 18C of the North Carolina Administrative Codes. Because the state "Rules Governing Public Water Systems" has adopted both state laws and federal regulations by reference, copies of these adoptions are incorporated into the rules Phone: Julian C.

Smith Hall, Camp Lejeune U.S. Marine Corps. From the s through the s, people living or working at the U.S. Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, were potentially exposed to drinking water contaminated with industrial solvents, benzene, and other chemicals.

Learn about research on past chemical contamination. Boreal env. res. vol. 12 • Natural radioactivity in drinking water in Finland 13 The activity concentrations of Pb and Po were determined using spontaneous deposition of Po on a silver disk and alpha spectromet- ric measurement of the Po activity (Häsänen ).

Pb was determined days later from the same solution as the by: Occurrence of natural radium radioactivity in ground water of Sarasota County, Florida Technical Report (PDF Available) January with 79 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Indices and Excess Life Time Cancer Risk due to Natural Radioactivity in Ground Water in Mining Areas of Plateau State”.

48 samples of ground water were collected from both boreholes and wells and the sampling was randomly selected in two liters plastic container, the samples were prepared and later analyzed for gross alphaFile Size: KB.

Final Report of the NC Radon-in-Water Advisory Committee, March 9, 3 Executive Summary Radon (radon) is a naturally occurring radioactive gas and human carcinogen found in groundwater drinking supplies in some parts of North Carolina File Size: KB. Spatial distribution of orofacial cleft defect births in Harris County, Texas, and radium in the public water supplies: a persistent association.

Tex Med. ; (12)– [Google Scholar] Collman GW, Loomis DP, Sandler DP. Radon concentration in groundwater and cancer mortality in North Carolina. Int Arch Occup Environ by: in approximately equal concentrations in most ground water sampled. Thus, Ra can be considered as a reasonable proxy indicator for the occurrence of Ra in ground water.

The maximum concentration of Po was pCi/L and exceeded 1 pCi/L in only two samples. The maximum concentration of Pb was pCi/L, and about 10 per-File Size: 1MB. EPA / NATIONWIDE OCCURRENCE OF RADON AND OTHER NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY IN PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES Thomas R.

Morton U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation Programs Eastern Environmental Radiation Facility Federal Drive Montgomery, AL Well Construction Standards Criteria and Standards Applicable to Water Supply and Certain Other Wells North Carolina Administrative Code Title 15A Department of Environment and Natural Resources Division of Water Quality Current Through October 1, File Size: KB.

Aquifers: Map of the Principal Aquifers of the United States The areal and vertical location of the major aquifers is fundamental to the determination of groundwater availability for the Nation. An aquifer is a geologic formation, a group of formations, or a part of a formation that contains sufficient saturated permeable material to yield.

Measurement of Natural Radioactivity in Coal, Soil and Water Samples Collected from Barapukuria Coal Mine in Dinajpur District of Bangladesh M. Mehade Hasan 1,*, M.

Ali 2, D. Paul 2, M. Haydar, S. Islam 1 1Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Water Quality Division. The Water Quality Division seeks to ensure that all of the water resources in Wake County are healthy and sustainable and that surface waters are not contaminated.

A comprehensive water quality approach is an integral part of ensuring the quality of life enjoyed and shared by all citizens of Wake County. of North Carolina. Because the State “Rules Governing Public Water Systems” has adopted state laws and federal regulations by reference, copies of these adoptions are printed into the document after the State Rules.

The public water supply rules were recodified into the North Carolina. Introduction. Potential health hazards from natural radionuclides in consuming water have been considered worldwide, with many countries adopting the guideline activity concentration for drinking water quality recommended by the WHO ().In general, the recommendations apply to routine operational conditions of water supply systems, inclusive when ground waters are utilized for public Cited by:   Groundwater is one of the major sources of water for domestic, agricultural and industrial uses, and provides 13% of the total annual water supply in Korea.

Annual groundwater use has continuously increased from billion m 3 in to billion m 3 inof which % was consumed for domestic by: Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.

Radium, one of the principal sources of radioactivity, is highest in quartz-rich sand aquifers in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain where low pH conditions release radium from the sediments (Szabo and dePaul, ).

Radionuclides can enter the groundwater system by dissolution of minerals or desorption from sediment particle surfaces. Great Salt Lake: Water absorbs gamma rays so it shows as no data area on the map.; Nebraska Sand Hills: Wind has separated the lighter quartz from the clay and heavier minerals that usually contain uranium.; The Black Hills: A core of granites and metamorphic rocks high in radioactivity is surrounded by less radioactive sedimentary rocks and gives a distinctive : Andrew Alden.Introduction to Radiation: Radiation in Our Environment because of the K that is present in the salt substitute Activity about pCi/g Salmon Salmon are born in fresh water but live their life in the ocean Natural radioactivity from the rocks and soil is washed into the oceans The salmon tend to concentrate this radioactive material in.The biggest source of natural background radiation is airborne radon, a radioactive gas that emanates from the ground.

Radon and its isotopes, parent radionuclides, and decay products all contribute to an average inhaled dose of mSv/a (millisievert per year).